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Researchers from university college London (UCL) in the united kingdom have compiled research studies which provide evidence of significant relationship between aging period with less health complications and healthy lifestyle at midlife or younger. The research team from the Epidermiology and Physical Health department led by Dr Severine Sabia reported that the more an individual's daily life included healthy behaviours such as exercise, healthy diet and not smoking, the less likely the individual is to develop health complications in old age.    The study which began in 1991 and lastex 16 years involved 5100 non cancer British men and women aged between 42 and 63years who did not suffer heard disease or stroke aging the beginning of the study. The volunteers were divided into two groups, one group consisted those who adopted define healthy rabbits while the other group did consisted those who did not adopt these healthy habits over the period of the study. The results showed that a significant percentage of those who adopted the healthy lifestyle were free from aging health complications at old age (60 years and beyond) while those who didn't suffered health complications during old age.   Although other factors such as trauma or damage to the body due to accidents may also contribute, scientific studies point to the fact that an individual can prepare himself or herself for a less difficult aging period if he or she adopts a healthy living from a younger age. By adopting healthy lifestyle early in life, a person can maintain good eating, mental functions such as memory, vision, ability to move without aids and be free of diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Further measures include participating in detox , intermitent fasting and anti aging programs, intake of relevant supplements and anti-aging drugs.
The use of visual aid is often a factor easily related with old age. The likelyhood that an individual would require visual aid or have vision problem in old age depends on a number of factors such as lifestyle and genetics. A majority of chronic vision problems associated with aging in people over the age of 60 is age related macular degeneration. This is a condition whereby the macular of the eye is gradually degenerated eventually leading to loss of vision. The macular refers to the central part of the retina it has a shade of yellow pigment and is about 1.5mm in diameter, within it is the fovea a foveola which consist of cone cells which enables it to act as the region for central and high resolution vision.

The macular lies in the centre layer of the eyes so while damage due to environmental trauma such as violence or infection is rare it is more likely to be due to aging and has more severe impact which could range from mild discomfort to complete blindness. Symptoms include difficulty with driving, making out printed words or faces. The failure of some elderly in recognizing faces is not always due to memory but rather their inability to see the face well enough for them to recognize the individual. The macular has a natural protection against degeneration in the form of the xantophyll carotenoids present in the cone cells of the fovea, these protect against UV and blue light by thier share color. There is a small amount naturally present in the body but the bulk of the requirement is supplied in the diet.
Other than old age other factors relating to macular degeneration include gender (more prevalent in women), heredity, ethinicity (more prevalent in whites), nutrition, level of sun exposure, smoking habits and pre-existing conditions such as hypertension. Age related macular degeneration can occur in individuals as early as 40 years old and usually is chronic. Macular degeneration can occur as a result of changes in blood flow to the eye which occurs with age. However it could also occur as a result of structural and biochemical changes to the eye in the process of aging and other age related factors. These includes accumulation of dusen and debris which are produced as by products of metabolic processes.  

Macular degeneration can be avoided by including sufficient amount of carotenoids in the diet. Foods such as dark leafy green vegetables such as spinach, plenty of fish, fruits and nuts. Supplements which can also promote good eye sight include multivitamins, multiminerals and fish oil supplements. avoid high cholesterol and high glycemic index foods. Supplements containing different formulations of beta carotenoids, vitamin C, vitamin A, zinc  and copper have been shown to be effective in management of macular degeneration. Furthermore necessary precautions such as use of protective eye wear when out in the sun and regular exercise is a significant preventive measure against age related macular disorder. Regular eye examinations are necessary so as to detect macular degeneration early.   Useful links http://lifespanmeds.com/fishoil.html

Exercises and anti-aging effect

Life is motion but it is really hard to find out time for movement in our modern life. Office work has made us too lazy that's why we gain more and more illnesses every year. But do you know that a properly selected set of exercises can improve metabolic functions of every cell in your organism? Proper metabolism provides an anti-aging effect for the whole body.
Our ancient ancestors had only one chance to stay alive: enough speed and strength in their movements. Only fit body was able to withstand long periods of heavy load for hunting, fishing, protecting family. Our ancestors were born in battle .
Most people believe that light movements as walking, casually riding a bike, gardening, and strolling along on an elliptical machine are adequate forms of exercise.  If you're doing so then you are not training at all. The adequate exercises imply that your pulse gets higher on 90 percent during first 3 minutes of training, but no more than 50 percent of pre-training pulse during whole training.
Real exercise must be focused on stimulating natural anti-aging hormone secretion within our body. This is done by overloading our joint and muscular systems with a challenging resistance. This could be done with resistance training and different forms of sprinting exercises.
How to maximize trainings?
1. Use large muscle groups: Compound movements that focus on multiple muscle groups. Easy examples of this would include squats that work the entire lower body and push-ups that challenge the entire upper body.
2. Explosion: Exploding on the concentric phase of the exercise stimulates more motor neurons which recruit a greater percentage of muscle fibers. This not only increases strength and power production but it greatly boosts anti-aging hormone secretion.
3. High intensity: Each set should be particularly challenging - near failure with little rest between sets. A great strategy is to super-set between opposite muscle groups such as pushing and pulling exercises with little to no rest in between. This would be dumbbell presses followed by pull-ups. It could also include sprint intervals with short rest in between.
High-intensity training challenges the anaerobic system forcing greater production of lactic acid. The increased lactic acid stimulates greater HGH production. It also produces greater endogenous anti-oxidant production within the muscle and nerve cells as they adapt to be able to produce energy and eliminate waste more efficiently.
4. Short time period: Performing compound exercises at a high-intensity is a major challenge on the neuromuscular system. The body thrives when this is performed for short periods of time (5-30 minutes) several times a week. These sort of workouts can lead to over-training if they last too long. Find what works for you.
Unique time periods: Everyone is unique and one individual may need more or less neuromuscular demand than someone else. This often depends upon training levels, body type, gender, race, genetic structure, sleep cycles, nutritional status, anti-oxidant carrying capacity, anaerobic capacity, stress levels and exercise enjoyment.
5. Proper rest periods: Movement activities should be performed every day. However, high intensity exercise should be cycled to get the best benefits. Most individuals can have amazing strength, speed and energy in fewer than 60 minutes of high intensity exercise each week. This could mean the following equations:
a. 6 to 7 days of 5-10 minute workouts
b. 4 days of 10-15 minute workouts
c. 3 days of 15-20 minute workouts
Robert Lustig, a pediatric endocrinologist at the UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital, famously called sugar a poison in a medical lecture that went viral in 2009. Now he weighs in on the obesity epidemic. His new book, Fat Chance: Beating the Odds Against Sugar, Processed Food, Obesity, and Disease, explains why it’s so hard not to be obese in our society, and what we—and the government—need to do about it.
Do we need to have any restrictions on the high-calorie food or drinks? Like making small sizes of soda?
"I think we need to provide more educational programs about harm from high-calorie diet. People do not understand what obesity epidemic means. It is really harmfull for health especially for people with hronic deseases, such as diabetes. "
You write that the obesity epidemic arose from food becoming an addictive substance and a commodity. Why has this happened?
“Sugar is weakly addictive and has hijacked our biochemistry: 80 percent of American supermarket foods are now laced with added sugar. As [processed food manufacturers] took fat out and put sugar in, we bought more. Also, the way you make food storable—and cheaper—is to get rid of the fiber. Ultimately this is a fight between your wallet and your health.”
What do you tell people who want to lose weight?
“A calorie is not a calorie. Low-sugar, high-fiber foods cause lower blood sugar peaks, less insulin release and less weight gain. That’s called real food. The other way to manage weight is to burn glucose so you don’t need insulin. It means doing exercises.”

Fasting for bronchial asthma

There are sometimes surprising facts about fasting, especially those, which tell what kinds of diseases could be cured by means of caloric restriction. One of those diseases is bronchial asthma. Indeed, researchers claim that short term fasting and intermittent fasting appear to be helpful for asthmatics, even those, who heavily depend on medications. Drs Tovt-Korshyns’ka MI, Spivac Mla and Chopei IV in their study “Effectiveness of short courses of fasting in pre-asthma and asthma patients” found that in the majority of cases short courses of fasting diet therapy with a 7 days fasting period was effective, which is proven by both clinical functional and laboratory findings. Moreover, the incidence of viral infections in these patients was lower than in those, undergoing a long term fasting of 21 days. However, short term courses of three days appeared to be not effective in terms of laboratory signs, but the patients reported of the significant decrease of the anxiety level.
The reason behind effectiveness of therapeutic fasting for bronchial asthma is stimulation of the activity of the immune system. In fact, there are two main causes contributing to the development of asthma; the first one is endobronchitis (usually an immune caused inflammation on the mucosa of the bronchi), which in turn leads to the second factor – hypersensitivity (allergic reactions). The trigger of the asthma stroke could be either chemical, for instance a contact with a particular chemical agent, or physical exercise, and the last, but not the least - stress.
Short term fasts stimulate adrenal glands to secrete high doses of corticosteroid hormones, which supress allergic inflammation in the bronchi and thus reduce the hyperproduction of the mucus and lead to dilatation of the bronchi. This also results in the activation of the reparative processes, release of the bronchi from the pathogenic microflora, therefore resulting in the improvement of the airways conduction.
To find the best suiting fasting program for you, please visit http://www.anti-aging-plan.com/en/index
Fasting is claimed to be effective in reducing the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, especially the pain associated with it. The majority of studies were conducted in European and Scandinavian countries, which along with the USA are being the leading ones to investigate, develop, and introduce into practice various types of treatment based either on very low calorie diet or complete fast.
Although there has been a huge step forward in the development of pain relieving and anti-inflammatory agents for RA, patients lately have become more interested in the alternative means of treatment. Therefore the demand supported by the efficiency of traditional healing practices of different countries, especially those of East and South East Asia encourage scientists to find a new way of treating RA.
So far the scientific evidences suggest that both vegetarian individually adjusted diet and short term intermittent fasting  have positive effects both on clinical and laboratory signs of RA patients. The former are presented by reduction of pain, duration of morning stiffness, the number of swollen joints, with the increase in the mobility and  grip strength. The laboratory changes included erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, activity of lymphocytes and some other (Controlled trial of fasting and one-year vegetarian diet in rheumatoid arthritis, by the Department of General Practice, University of Oslo, Norway). In the majority of studies the patients were administered with a very low calorie diet or fasting which was followed by strict vegetarian or lactovegetarian diet. Moreover, in the follow up research conducted by M. Haugen, D. Fraser and O. Forre there have been significant changes of the subjective variables, when the patients were returned to their usual diet: “Of the 10 responders examined in the follow-up study, eight reported an increase in disease symptoms after intake of different kinds of meat, and six after intake of coffee, sweets and refined sugar”.
According to the statistics, diabetes has become pandemic and the number of patients is expected to increase even more in the future. As for the type one, i.e. insulin dependent, it is hard to prevent, as the main contributing factor is considered to be genetic. On the other hand, it has been proved millions of times by the health care professionals that type two, i.e. insulin independent diabetes is preventable. It is not news that the obesity caused by eating disorders is one of the main factors, causing type two diabetes mellitus. Moreover, metabolic syndrome, which takes place in the majority of cases of alimentary obesity, is supposed to cause type 2 diabetes as the most prominent complication in nearly 80% of cases.
Obviously, the condition could be prevented by changing lifestyle and adjusting eating habits. Early century specialists used fasting modality as a treatment option for onset of type 2 diabetes. Numerous recent researches have reported significant decrease of glucose, insulin, triglyceride and lipoprotein levels in obese patients who underwent 16 week very low calorie diet program ( the study “Prolonged Caloric Restriction in Obese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Decreases Plasma CETP and Increases Apolipoprotein AI Levels Without Improving the Cholesterol Efflux Properties of HDL”). Overall, the glycemic control in obese patients significantly improves in response to prolonged and intermittent caloric restriction.
However, for the majority of the patients it appears quite demanding to follow dietary and lifestyle recommendations on their own, because of poor self-control, short lasting self-motivation and low awareness about the future results, which are often overestimated beforehand. Therefore the treatment has to be either performed in the medical facility or closely supervised and controlled by a physician. This option will also help you to escape plausible side effects and complications on your way. To get more information and to find your own fasting program, please visit http://www.anti-aging-plan.com/en/diseases/diabetes  

In various religions fasting is often performed in one form or another. Although it is carried out for spiritual purposes, there are some scientific evidences that abstention from food could alter the health of an individual. There are three main religious fasts: Islamic Ramadan, Greek Orthodox fasts and the Daniel fast of the Christians. The health impact of various religious fasting practices recently became a subject for numerous researches and studies.

Despite that the investigations were preliminary and no yet well-organized (in some cases the subjects were not selected properly and a number of contributing health and lifestyle factors were neglected), their results were already quite promising. The main features subjected to analysis were BMI changes, hematological signs, biochemical values and blood pressure level. 

The number of studies of Ramadan fasting effects presented quite heterogeneous findings regarding both dietary intake and health related values due to mentioned inaccuracies. However, in the hospital based studies the results showed statically significant decrease of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in response to short term water-only fasting. So, in “Acute effects of short-term fasting on blood pressure, circulating noradrenaline and efferent sympathetic nerve activity” eleven moderately obese women with borderline hypertension fasted for 48 hours. Significant decreases in body weight from 88.4 +/- 2.5 kg to 86.4 +/- 2.5 kg were achieved by the end of program. Systolic blood pressure was reduced from 158 +/- 3 mmHg to 146 +/- 5 mmHg (p less than 0.001) and diastolic BP from 96 +/- 3 mmHg to 89 +/- 3 mmHg (p less than 0.01).

Similarly, the results of “Medically supervised water-only fasting in the treatment of hypertension” are suggestive that medically supervised water-only fasting appears to be a safe and effective means of normalizing blood pressure and may assist in motivating health-promoting diet and lifestyle changes. Almost 90% of the subjects achieved blood pressure less than 140/90 mm Hg by the end of the treatment program. All of the subjects who were taking antihypertensive medication at entry (6.3% of the total sample) successfully discontinued the use of medication.

Chronic fatigue syndrome is one of the most challenging health issues nowadays for both medical scientists, who yet have failed to find a specific cause of the illness (and, therefore the effective treatment), and patients who suffer from the condition for ages without knowing what doctor to contact and what cure to adopt.
In general, the cause of chronic fatigue syndrome is unknown, although there are many theories — ranging from viral infections to psychological stress. Some experts believe chronic fatigue syndrome might be triggered by a combination of factors. As the origination of the disease is still under investigation, there are no specific medications or procedures which promise total and complete recovering. Although the treatment options adopted nowadays by the specialists are mainly focused on symptoms relief, the efficiency of each method or their combination is highly individual. In the majority of medical institutions the patients are offered various psychological counseling methodologies, in particular cognitive behaviroral therapy (CBT). Graded exercises – another option, where the types of exercises are to be suggested by the physical therapist on individual basis depending on your particular health condition.
According to the researchers, fasting can be beneficial for treating some allergic and inflammatory conditions, because the process of ketosis decreases the availability of the fatty acid, arachidonic acid, which tends to increase inflammation. Ketosis is the process by which the body begins to use fat instead of glucose as a fuel source. A 1991 study published in "Lancet" by Kjeldsen-Kragh, showed that a four-week juice fast, followed by a year-long adherence to a vegetarian diet, resulted in decreased joint pain, stiffness, inflammation and need of medication in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. This fact makes it plausible that intermittent fasting and calorie restriction is one of the methods which could be used as a cure for other inflammatory conditions, and CFS in particular, in those cases, when infection and inflammation are considered to be the main background cause.

Read more: http://www.anti-aging-plan.com/en/index
Periodic fasting can improve your heart health, the researchers say. It is quite obvious that intermittent fasting naturally produces some valuable effects on the cardiovascular condition. First of all (but not limited to), in the overwhelming majority of scientific trials the level of both overall cholesterol and its “bad part” LDL (low-density-lipoprotein, which mainly contributes to atherosclerosis) has shown the decreasing trend. Atherosclerosis, in turn, is one of the main causes of narrowing the blood vessels, especially those ones which provide blood supply for the cardiac muscle itself, thus being a reason for ischemic conditions of the heart. In addition, the level of HDL (the good one) has been proven to be 80-95% of the optimal range. In general, the normalized cholesterol level contributes to lowering the BMI, reducing the fasting glucose level, decreasing the insulin level, levelling down the triglycerides, thus optimising the blood pressure.
Heilbron et al examined the effect of ADF on CVD risk. When human subjects fasted on alternate days for a short period (3 weeks), circulating concentrations of HDL cholesterol increased, whereas triacylglycerol concentrations decreased. It is possible that these effects resulted from the decreases in body weight (2.5%) and fat mass (4.0%) observed in these subjects, who were unable to consume sufficient calories on the feast day to maintain an isocaloric state. It is interesting that the shifts in lipid concentrations were shown to be sex specific: i.e., only the women had an increase in HDL-cholesterol concentrations, and only the men had a decrease in triacylglycerol concentrations. There is no clear explanation for these sex-based differences. The effect of ADF on blood pressure was also examined in this study. After 3 weeks of intervention, neither systolic nor diastolic blood pressured changed in either the male or female subjects. This study included only normotensive persons, however.
The last, but not the least, the principal investigator in this study noted an apparent lower rate of cardiovascular aging, with arteriosclerosis progress indicators particularly slowed.